basically the tracks and information that we leave or collect from servers when
browsing on the internet. On one hand cookies can improve browsing activities,
but on the other hand they can jeopardize your privacy and the security of your
information. Cookies improve browsing when, for instance, we fill in a form
with our preferences. In that case, a server can transform such information
into a cookie, which can be sent to your browser. The first time you visit the
website, a cookie will be sent to your browser enabling the server to upload
news on the webpage to meet your requirements.
far as privacy and security are concerned, any access from your browser
(internet program) to any website would leave information about you, i.e. our track
on the network. Data left on such tracks include your computer name and the IP
address, the browser brand, the operating system used, the URL of the webpage
you are visiting and the URL of the last webpage you visited. Without cookies
it would be almost impossible for anyone to know your web paths and your paths
would need to be retraced by correlating hundreds of thousands of connections
update versions of the two browsers (Netscape and Internet Explorer) provide
the possibility to be informed each time a server attempts to send you a
cookie. If you enable that option, you will be able to reject cookies. Therefore,
cookies are very useful when, after subscribing to a website that requires the
input of a user name and password, you receive a cookie allowing you to avoid
inputting these two parameters each time you connect or browse from one webpage
to the other in the reserved area. Our browser will use that cookies lo let you
in, as a badge. When it comes to security, only a spy with a sniffer would be
able to detect a cookie while it moves from your browser to a server and use it
to get free access to the website. However, as your browser uses the Domain Name
System (DNS) to determine which cookies belong to a website, it is possible to
modify a browser, that is to say to enter and spy on the cookies in your
computer, so that it will send a cookie to a pirate server and temporarily
corrupt the DNS. To prevent this from happening, the primary technology used
among the many available to website developers consists in creating cooking
with a short life, so they would not be stolen from the cookie database of the
user nor be read. In fact, it is true that, although ecommerce is not rocketing
at the moment, it is very secure and scams are limited to the minimum.
How to erase cookies
Mozilla Firebox – Clearing cookies in Mozilla Firefox is equally easy. Go to Tools and click on Delete recent history. Select All from the drop-down menu Period to delete and check in the Details list that the item Cookies is flagged. Push the Delete now button to erase cookies. So, you got rid of them from here, too.
Google Chrome – The process is similar also for the Mountain View browser. Go to Customize and check Google Chrome, then select Delete browsing data from the Tool menu. Select All in the drop-down menu, flag Delete Cookies and other website data and plug-ins (it is a default setting), then press Delete browsing data.
Other browsers – Consider that all browsers – not only Explorer, Firefox and Chrome – provide tools to clear cookies from your computer and they include options to delete individual cookies, block incoming cookies and manage other common browsing elements such as history, search settings and saved passwords.
Flash cookies – Traditional cookies are simple text files that store your browsing habits to improve your interaction with a website. Flash cookies (created with Adobe’s Flash technology) can store far more data, they do not expire and you can’t notice their presence on your computer as they are not saved in any defined folder.
What happens when we delete cookies
delete cookies or block their writing on your computer, you may face problems
90% of the websites and they improve your browsing experience. If you prevent
your browser from receiving third party cookies, you will not be able to access
many websites or you may encounter problems and faults when visiting websites
that use the cookie technology. Cookies are a tool that has always been used in
web development, they are not new.
of cookies is needed for the correct use of some website areas. This type of
cookies includes both persistent cookies and session cookies. The website or
some areas of the website may not work properly without this type of cookies.
Therefore, they are always used, regardless of the user preferences. This type
of cookies is always sent to your domain.
of cookies can be used to collect information on the website use. The Data
controller can use this information for statistical analysis, to improve the
website or make it easier to use, in addition to monitoring its proper
functioning. This type of cookies collects anonymous information on the user’s
activity on the website and the path leading the user to the website and
visited webpages. This type of cookies is sent by the website or other third-party
Third party tracking cookies
of cookies is used to collect information on the website use by visitors, the passwords
used to access the website, the visited websites and the origin of visitors’
traffic in marketing campaigns. The Data controller can use this information to
generate reports and improve the website. Cookies collect anonymous
information. This type of cookies is sent by the website or other third party
Cookies for third party functionality integration
of cookies is used to integrate third party functionalities in the website (for
instance, comment forms or social network icons allowing visitors to share the
website content). This type of cookies can be sent by partner website domains
or domains providing the functionalities existing on the website.
controller is not required to ask for the user’s consent for technical cookies,
as they are strictly necessary to provide the service.
other types of cookies, user’s consent can be expressed by the User in
compliance with the regulation in force through specific browser configurations
and IT programs or devices that are easy and clear to use for the User. The
Data controller reminds the User that it is possible to change the user
preferences for cookies at any time. The user can also disable browser cookies
at any time, but this operation may prevent the User from using some areas of
Third party website
contains links to other websites that are provided with their own privacy
policy. These privacy policies may differ from the Data controller’s privacy
policy, which does not cover third party websites.
art. 122, paragraph 2 of Legislative Decree 196/2003, consent for the use of
these cookies is expressed by the user through the personal settings which had
been freely chosen for the browser used to navigate the website, without prejudice
to the user’s right to inform the Data controller at any time about their
preference on data managed by the cookies received by the browser.